Perinatal depression (PND) describes the onset of depression which can occur both before and after birth. 

Ante natal depression can develop at any time during pregnancy and can be a precursor to post natal depression.

Postnatal depression is often first experienced within the first few weeks of giving birth, but can develop anytime within a year.

PND can feel extremely isolating and leave women with feelings of guilt and nagging questions about their abilities as a parent.

Whilst the exact cause of PND is not known, it is thought to be a result of a dramatic change in lifestyle and new challenges in everyday life.   Some 15-20% of women experience some form of pregnancy related depression or anxiety.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Low mood
  • Feelings of guilt
  • Feelings of hopelessness
  • Tearfulness
  • Anxiety

Conventional Treatment Options

  • Group talking therapies
  • Counselling
  • CBT
  • Antidepressants

rTMS Treatment

rTMS is a form of brain stimulation that has been approved by NICE in the UK as a safe and effective treatment for depression.

It targets the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (LDLPFC), an area of the brain implicated in pathophysiology of depression.

For mothers who do not want to expose their baby to anti-depressants, it represents a real alternative to medication.


Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation therapy treatment for depression is available at Smart TMS Ireland, based at our clinic in Dublin.